Fernando pessoa books list of books by author fernando. And with them, he has become known as one of the greatest portuguese poets of. You will never get to the bottom of fernando pessoa. When pessoa died, he left behind a trunk filled with disorderly scraps of unpublished poems and unfinished works, among which was the book of disquiet. A prolific writer, ascribing his work to a variety of personas or heteronyms, pessoa published little in his lifetime. Apr 15, 2020 the book of disquiet, by the portuguese writer fernando pessoa, is properly speaking perhaps not a book at all, and i imagine pessoa would not necessarily be pleased to have his name so prominently affixed to it. Salinger and thomas pynchon a thing or two about anonymity. Fernando pessoa books list of books by author fernando pessoa. Were familiar with semiheteronyms bernardo soares in the book of disquiet and the baron of teire in education of a stoic. Pessoa credits these words to bernardo soares, an assistant to a bookkeeper in lisbon and one of pessoas many alter egos or, as he preferred to call them, heteronyms. Born in lisbon in 1888, pessoa might have taught j.
The book of disquiet by fernando pessoa, jeronimo pizarro. He published his first book of english poems, antinous in 1918, followed by sonnets 1918 and english poems 1921, but released only a single book of portuguese poems, mensagem, in 1933. Heteronyms are not the same as homonyms, which have the same sound and spelling but different meanings. When pessoa died, he left behind a trunk filled with disorderly scraps of unpublished poems and unfinished.
Fernando pessoa 18881935 was born in lisbon and brought up in durban, south africa. Click download or read online button to get the selected prose of fernando pessoa book now. Pessoa, who died in 1935, is now considered portugals finest modernist. For additional examples, check out this list of 200 homonyms, homophones, and homographs and a useful list of wordrelated terms, name that nym. He is distinguished as the most momentous literary figure of the 20th century who played a major role in the development of modernism in his country. The book of disquiet was found, in fragments, only after pessoas death. May 30, 2002 fernando pessoa 18881935 was born in lisbon and brought up in durban, south africa.
In 1915 pessoa together with a number of poets and artists established a literary magazine with the name orpheu. Pessoa argued that just as a novelist becomes annoyed when readers assume that his characters feelings and experiences are mere standins for his own, so too should people respect that pessoa s heteronyms were utterly separate from him. Published posthumously, the book of disquiet is a fragmentary lifetime project, left unedited by the author, who introduced it as a factless autobiography. Illustration by riccardo vecchio if ever there was a writer in flight from his name, it was fernando pessoa. The book of disquiet, written by fernando pessoa, a portuguese poet, is considered an early classic of existential writing. Book of disquiet livro do desassossego in the original in portuguese is.
There are also two whom pessoa called semiheteronyms, bernardo soares and the baron of teive, who are semiautobiographical characters who write in prose, a mere mutilation. An autobiography or diary containing exquisite melancholy observations, aphorisms, and ruminations, this classic work grapples with all the eternal questions. Fernando pessoa and the multiple faces we show on the net syma. The present volume is a case in point, written over the course of many years in the person of two such assumed names, vicente guedes and, later, bernardo soares.
These heteronyms existed in a pessoaspawned universe in which their lives sometimes overlapped, i. Fernando pessoa extensively used a distinct set of pseudonyms, which he referred to as heteronyms literally different names to distinguish their unique character. The book of disquiet penguin classics fernando pessoa. But this book is, like so much about pessoa, an object of mystery. He wrote prolifically in three languages but published relatively little, and he hid behind assumed names and identities, some 75 of them in all, which he called heteronyms. They acted similar to selfimposed multiple personalities, where each would have an extensive backstory, including distinct personal histories and even physical attributes.
Heteronyms, as pessoa called and defined them, are something different and exceedingly strange. The book of disquiet ebook written by fernando pessoa. Again and again, in both poetry and prose, pessoa denied that he existed as any kind of distinctive. For its entire four hundred plus pages it offers a philosophy of a melancholic life, a philosophy of dreaming, and a philosophy of art. In the book of disquiet, pessoa came as close as he would to autobiography. At thirteen pessoa returned to portugal for a yearlong visit, and returned there permanently in 1905. As well as his poetry, however, his work is marked by a constantly inventive and innovative engagement with authors and literary traditions from an astonishing variety of sources. The selected prose of fernando pessoa fernando pessoa. The book of disquiet is the portuguese modernist master fernando pessoas greatest literary achievement. Originating as a fragmentary series of impressions, speculations, reveries. Fernando pessoa the portuguese author attributed his work to literary alter egos that he called heteronyms, each of which had a fully developed identity. The book of disquiet is a hodgepodge of different fragmentary ideas, and though there is some editorial freedom in such a concept, fernando pessoa did include some notes on which parts he wanted.
Jan 31, 2019 pessoa credits these words to bernardo soares, an assistant to a bookkeeper in lisbon and one of pessoas many alter egos or, as he preferred to call them, heteronyms. Living fernando pessoas dreamlife in lisbon literary hub. His father died when pessoa was five years old, and the family moved with his mothers new husband, a consul, to durban, south africa, where pessoa attended an english school. Born in 1888, fernando pessoa is widxely considered portugals greatest modern poet and author. The washington post book world has written that fernando pessoa was portugals greatest writer of the twentieth century though some critics would even leave off that last qualifying phrase and one of the most appealing european modernists, equal in command and range to his contemporaries rilke and mandelstam. The book is an aggregation of disparate diary entries that are abstract. Pessoas heteronyms are poets and his semiheteronyms are prose writers. This is the largest and richest volume of poetry by pessoa available in english. He is in this sense very unlike his creator fernando pessoa. Ive been drawn to existentialism which i understand to be the recognition that life lacks meaning, rendering the human condition a function of mere existence since reading sartre, camus and kierkegaard years ago. As it is well known, fernando pessoa is a very peculiar author in the. The book of disquiet also translated as the book of disquietude has a format somewhat like a journal or diary and is also a collection of vignettes and reflections. A prolific writer, ascribing his work to a variety of personas or heteronyms, pessoa published little in his lifetime and supported himself by working as a commercial translator.
Pessoas mystique comes largely from his practice of writing under heteronyms, each supplied with distinct biographies, life spans, even horoscopes. Aug 30, 2016 pessoa, who died in 1935, is now considered portugals finest modernist. George steiner on the heteronyms pseudonymous writing is not rare in literature or philosophy kierkegaard provides a celebrated instance. He died november 30, 1935, in lisbon from cirrhosis of.
He wrote under numerous heteronyms, literary alter egos with fully fleshed identities and writing styles, who supported and criticized each others work in the margins of his drafts and in the literary journals of the time. Was 18 march 1914 the most extraordinary date in modern literature. Fernando pessoa was as much a creator of personas as he was of poetry, prose, and criticism. Under the orthonym fernando pessoa he did write an introduction, but he credited the texts themselves to two different authors. Poet fernando antonio nogueira pessoa was born in lisbon, portugal. He also wrote in and translated from english and french. By bernardo soares, assistant bookkeeper in the city of lisbon. Pessoa argued that just as a novelist becomes annoyed when readers assume that his characters feelings and experiences are mere standins for his own, so too should people respect that pessoas heteronyms were utterly separate from him. The book of disquiet, by the portuguese writer fernando pessoa, is properly speaking perhaps not a book at all, and i imagine pessoa would not necessarily be pleased to have his name so prominently affixed to it. The book is an aggregation of disparate diary entries that are abstract, dense, and at times, eccentric. Selected poems by fernando pessoa download ebook pdf. Jul 20, 2018 this is 19 minutes it contains notes 15 and includes pessoas preface where he claims to meet bernardo soares, the author of this book i wonder if he really believed his heteronyms. Future editors, as obsessed as they are with completionism, included more than the author intended sometimes depending on the version. Fernando pessoa was one of the most powerful figures of the portuguese literary world who significantly contributed to portuguese literature of the 20 th century.
It includes generous selections from the three poetic alter egos that the portuguese writer dubbed heteronyms alberto caeiro, ricardo reis. The book of disquiet by fernando pessoa is one such modern masterpiece that i read last week. A monumental literary event, this exciting, new, complete edition spans fernando pessoas entire writing life. This site is like a library, use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. For the first timeand in the best translation everthe complete book of disquiet, a masterpiece beyond comparison. He wrote prose and poetry under an array of personae he called heteronyms, many of which had their own sub. Pessoa is the portuguese word for person, and there is nothing he less wanted to be. This edition also includes a table of the heteronyms used by pessoa in his writing. This is 19 minutes it contains notes 15 and includes pessoas preface where he claims to meet bernardo soares, the author of this book i wonder if he really believed his heteronyms. Fernando pessoa 18881935 a poet who lived most his life in lisbon, portugal, and who died in obscurity there has in recent years gained international. He was a poet, writer, literary critic, translator, publisher and philosopher. Pessoa is known and praised to have given his heteronyms a full life, entirely different and separate from his own, compared to many other literary personas adopted by noble writers of his era. If ever there was a writer in flight from his name, it was fernando pessoa.
For each of his voices, pessoa conceived a highly distinctive poetic idiom and technique, a complex biography. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read the book of disquiet. Fernando pessoa 18881935 is portugals most celebrated poet of the twentieth century, who wrote under the guise of dozens of literary personalities, or heteronyms. Fernando pessoa was born in lisbon in 1888 and died in 1935 still largely unknown, publishing just one book during his lifetime. He began publishing criticism in 1912, creative prose in 19, and poetry in 1914. His vast body of work, some of which remains unpublished, includes hundreds of poems as well as essays on philosophy, religion, literature, and politics. Each heteronym was given a biography, psychology, politics. The book of disquiet fernando pessoa translator richard. In contrast to heteronyms, semiheteronyms write in the same style as the author but have different ideas and feelings than him. In contrast, homophones sound the same but are spelled differently. Pseudonymous writing is not rare in literature or philosophy kierkegaard provides a celebrated instance. Pessoa ventured in the opposite direction, using his heteronyms as a means of escape. This existential masterpiece was first published in portuguese in 1982, fortyseven years after pessoas death.
Selected poems by fernando pessoa download ebook pdf, epub. An assembly of sometimes linked fragments, it is a. Fernando pessoa 18881935, describing his literary enterprise as a drama divided into people instead of into acts, split himself into dozens. May 30, 2002 the book of disquiet ebook written by fernando pessoa. Fernando pessoa, recognized as the greatest poet of the portuguese language was born on th of june 1888 in lisbon, portugal. Fernando antonio nogueira pessoa june 188830 november 1935, commonly known as fernando pessoa, was a portuguese poet, writer, literary critic, translator, publisher and philosopher, described as one of the most significant literary figures of the 20th century and one of the greatest poets in the portuguese language. Pdf a little larger than the entire universe download. All of these books were published in his own name, despite the fact that pessoa had already created the famous heteronyms that. Most of the texts in the book of disquiet are written under the semiheteronym bernardo soares, an assistant bookkeeper. Pessoa, author of the book of disquietude livro do desassossego. As for guedes, pessoa opens, this book is not by him, it is him. Upon his death, more than 25,000 pages of written works were found in his belongings. It is believed that fernando pessoa created around 70 heteronyms. Fernando pessoa, one of the greatest portuguese poets, whose modernist work gave portuguese literature european significance.1398 836 811 513 867 73 1267 918 1151 1476 169 668 1447 370 325 580 159 447 82 808 369 187 135 1224 1258 410 1469 1012 229 1199 756 694 719 1485 539 911 597 1084 19