Verbs that are followed by other verbs can take either the gerund or the infinitive. Infinitive and gerund infinitive after an adjective example. Verbs followed by the gerund or the infinitive with littleno change in meaning begin continue hate start love prefer like attempt try examples. After submitting your answers, you will see how well you have done in the test. Oliver is upset, so daisy and alfie decide to cheer him up. The gerund is commonly used after quite a few different verbs. Gerunds, participles, and infinitives a verbal is a verb that functions as some other part of speech in a sentence. English learners have difficulty with gerunds and infinitives. This lesson focuses on the form and function of gerunds and infinitives. The three verbals gerunds, infinitives, and participles are formed from verbs, but are never used alone as action words in sentences. Choose the correct answer for each gap below, then click the check button to check your answers. Gerund and infinitive pdf worksheets english vocabulary and.
Gi003 gerund or infinitive fill in the correct form intermediate. You will find 4 worksheets on this topic as well as a very useful article with some suggestions on how to explain the difference between the two to your students. Because their function is that of a noun, gerunds may be used as the subject of a sentence. They may function as subjects or objects in a sentence. Verbs followed by the infinitive learnenglish british council. Following are some lists of the most common combinations. Instructions after certain verbs we use the ing form, and after other verbs we use the infinitive. Dont forget to meet mr moriarty at 10 oclock this morning. The infinitive is the form of the verb not changed for person, number or tense. But that is not always the case, there can be instances where the past tense of the verb is used when a gerund is used, and the present tense of the verb is used when there is an infinitive. Learning to use gerunds and infinitives can feel a bit overwhelming at first.
The problem here is that present participles also end with the letters ing. Verbs followed by an infinitive she agreed to speak before the game. Frequently, the main verb in a sentence is followed by another verb which is either an infinitive with to ex. Consult the lists below to find out which form to use following which verbs. In such sentences we use do to make questions and negatives. Whether you use a gerund or an infinitive depends on the main verb in the sentence. Gerunds and infinitives test gerunds and infinitives test 3. Part 1 of the gerunds and infinitives tutorial explains what gerunds and infinitives are and how to begin using them in everyday english. Reference chart gerunds and infinitives rules on how to form sentences with verbs followed by gerunds or infinitives print in bw. Verbs followed by infinitive with or without to or gerund advise.
Gerunds infinitives esl activities worksheets games. Complete exercises 1 10 below to practice what you have learned in part 1 before mov. The following guidelines and lists will help you figure out whether a gerund or infinitive is needed. Here is a gerunds and infinitives worksheet to test students knowledge of gerunds and infinitives with to. Some verbs have different meanings when they are follwed by a gerund or an infinitive. An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with to. Common verbs followed by the gerund perfect english. In this sentence, the subject to vote is linked to the direct object a legal obligation by the verb is. Common verbs followed by the gerund perfect english grammar. Gerunds and infinitives can function b to compose a sonata would take months. If there is to between two verbs, we call it infinitive and ing added to second verb it is called gerund. Aug 26, 2019 an infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with to. This is the infinitive and gerund section of busy teacher.
Both gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun as the object of a verb. Get page and check your text using a unique contextual grammar and spell checker. Exercise 3 in pdf here choose the gerund or infinitive for a list of twenty verbs. Get keyboard and check your text using a unique contextual grammar and spell checker. Using gerunds and infinitives with other verbs in english is a tricky thing, because some verbs are followed only by infinitives and other verbs only by gerunds, while certain verbs may be followed by either one. Gerunds vs infinitives 6 advanced gerunds vs infinitives exercise 7. Oliver, daisy and alfie are at oliver and daisys home. She agreed to give a presentation at the meeting ask. Gerunds and infinitives english verbs followed by gerunds. One just has to memorize or refer to lists such as this one. Being gerund the boss subject complement for jeff, via state of being expressed in gerund punctuation a gerund virtually never requires any punctuation with it. English grammar today a reference to written and spoken english grammar and usage cambridge dictionary.
The students complete each sentence with the verb in brackets in its gerund or infinitive form. Gerunds and infinitives are verb forms that can take the place of a noun in a sentence. Gerund and infinitive after verbs different meaning. Verbs that show emotion and the fulfillment of unfulfillment of an activity may affect the meaning depending on the choice of an infinitive or a gerund. Using gerunds and infinitives a gerund is a verb form that ends in ing and is used as a noun walking, traveling, voting. The perfect gerund shows that the action of the ingform happened before the action. See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here heres my video on the subject. A few verbs for example, stop, remember, and forget can be followed by either the gerund or the infinitive, but the meanings are very different. In english when two verbs come side by side to is placed between them or ing is added to second verb if there is to between two verbs, we call it infinitive and ing added to second verb it is called gerund infinitives and gerunds take the place of a noun in a sentence download gerund and infinitive list pdf down below. The explanation will be followed by two practice activities with these grammar forms. You can use a gerund as the object of a preposition.
Verbs followed by a preposition and a gerund we concentrated on doing well. This worksheet has two straightforward infinitive and gerund practice activities for your intermediate level students. The verb dare can be followed by the infinitive with or without to. Forms of the gerund active voice passive voice simple losing being lost perfect having lost having been lost the simple gerund refers to the present or future. Infinitives and gerunds take the place of a noun in a sentence. Knowing which verbs or phrases are followed by gerunds, infinitives or either can be a difficult task.
After these verbs, a to infinitive refers to the future, while a gerund expresses an earlier action, relative to the time of the verb in the main clause. Gerunds are often used when actions are real, fixed, or completed. Difference between gerund and infinitive compare the. April 15, 2012 some verbs are followed by infinitives while others are followed by gerunds. Then on the line before each sentence, identify how the gerund or gerund phrase is used by writing s for subject, p. Gerund and infinitive exercises perfect english grammar. Gerunds and infinitives some important rules the form of the verb that ends in ing is called a gerund when used as a noun.
Adjectives with prepositions followed by gerunds 161. Forget with the infinitive means something happens at or after a certain time. Decide whether to use infinitive withwithout to or gerund. See more ideas about learn english, english grammar and teaching english. To understand the gerund and infinitive, you need to remember 3 rules. Exercise 1 in pdf here choose the gerund or infinitive for a list of twenty verbs. Write down the ingform gerund of the following verbs. Sep 26, 2014 certain words cannot be used with an infinitive. Choose the correct form infinitive with or without to or gerund. If there is an object that you use, you can describe it using both a gerund as well as an infinitive. Gerund, infinitive grammar exercises learning english. When they are used with an infinitive they refer to something that happens at or after a certain time. The following lists of verbs followed by other verbs will help you practice.
It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. Words with a different meaning word infinitive meaning gerund meaning forget remember. Furthermore, use of infinitive or gerund after a certain verb may totally change the meaning of a sentence. The verbs dare and need can also be followed by the infinitive with to. Use the gerund when like is used in the sense of enjoy. Instead, verbals function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. What is something you love doing, but dont have enough time for.
Remember, gerunds always function as nouns in sentences. An infinitive is the base form a a verb, with or without to. The choice of a gerund or an infinitive, in some instances, does not affect the meaning of a verb. Identify whether each verb should be followed by only gerund, only infinitive or both learn with flashcards, games, and more for free.
I didnt anticipate having to do the cooking myself. English esl gerunds and infinitives worksheets most. Theyre very easy to spot, since every gerund is a verb with ing tacked to its tail. Exercise 2 in pdf here choose the gerund or infinitive for a list of twenty verbs. Complete the sentences using infinitive constructions. Test on infinitive and gerund english grammar online.
Gerunds and infinitives are sometimes referred to as verb complements. Gerunds versus infinitives know the right use of them in a sentence. In both exercises students have to fill in blanks with. Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your english skills. Verbs followed by gerunds and infinitives infinitives and gerunds1 often occur after verbs. A collection of english esl gerunds and infinitives worksheets for home learning, online practice, distance learning and english classes to teach about. After prepositions i drank a cup of coffee before leaving. All of these verbs can be followed by nouns instead of gerunds. In english, if you want to follow a verb with another action, you must use a gerund or infinitive. Word infinitive with an object gerund without an object advise i advise you to go by bus. Gerunds are words that are formed with verbs but act as nouns. Like all things grammar, gerunds do take a tiny bit of detective work to spot.
Both have similarities in the sense that they can be used to describe a reason or a purpose. Learn useful list of verbs followed by gerunds in english with example sentences, video and esl pictures. They require a preposition followed by a gerund ing form. Similar to a gerund, the infinitive form of a verb can also function as the subject of a sentence, for example. Veja mais ideias sobre ingleses, lingua inglesa e idioma ingles.
A gerund is the ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. Here in part 1, we introduce gerunds and infinitives and explain the basics of everyday usage. Through a variety of writing and speaking exercises, students learn when to choose a gerund or infinitive and when either choice is possible. Gerund and infinitive worksheet in this printable worksheet, the rules for using gerunds and infinitives will be explained in detail. The gerund phrase functions as the subject of the sentence. Complete the following exercise with gerund or infinitive forms of the indicated verbs.
Verbs followed by gerunds and infinitives complete these sixteen sentences to score your knowledge of gerunds and infinitives. Gerund and infinitive worksheets are in pdf format and consist of a worksheet and answer sheet to check your results. These verbs in turn can be subdivided into two groups, verbs with little difference in meaning, and verbs with a distinct change in meaning. When these verbs are used with a gerund they refer to something that happened before a certain time. Verbs followed by a gerund or infinitive with little to no change in meaning. I think defend yourself is the right thing to do if you have a.
The good news is that our threepart tutorial gives you twenty gerund and infinitive tips to take you from beginner to pro. The following lists of verbs followed by other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences. English practice downloadable pdf grammar and vocabulary worksheets adjective and adverbs downloadable pdf worksheets for english language learners intermediate level b1 home b1 grammar gerund and infinitive. It can be tricky to remember which verbs are followed by the infinitive the to form of the verb and which are followed by the gerund the ing form of the verb.
Regret with the infinitive is used to give bad news in a formal, polite way. Underline the gerund or gerund phrases in the sentences below. Esl conversation questions gerunds and infinitives. Following a verb gerund or infinitive both gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun as the object of a verb. A gerund is a verb ending in ing that functions as a noun. Apr 15, 2012 gerund or infinitive grammar exercise. Gerunds and infinitives after verbs george brown college. Gerund and infinitive are parts of grammar that are very confusing for the students because of their similarities. Infinitive examples active to see i hope to see you again. Passive to be seen such disgusting scenes are not to be seen here. Gerunds and infinitives can function as the subject of a sentence or the object of a verb. Some of these verbs can also be followed by a thatclause. The verbs that require additional usage explanation are displayed as links which lead. Download gerund and infinitive list pdf down below.1251 1108 140 1564 1163 1089 1214 1077 883 516 487 1512 1523 830 690 391 110 1422 1100 1528 1593 1209 550 681 438 519 611 161 356 1066 1363 1158 680 762 831 980 660 1364 1238 705 5 58